How children develop anxiety, depression and behaviour problems

Children 2 sxc

How children develop anxiety, depression and behaviour problems

Does your child exhibit stress, anxiety, mood swings and temper tantrums? Or are they stressed, anxious and withdrawn? Do they have a tendency to be hyperactive or lethargic? Have you noticed they don’t seem to show much curiosity to explore and engage or even show avoidance behaviour?

It’s possible your child might be stressed, anxious, depressed or feeling vulnerable and not knowing how to express themselves. If a child is consistently ignored, not heard, criticised and not supported for who they are, they’ll quickly learn to adapt to fit in. Whether they become quiet or boisterous, compliant or rebellious, will depend on their environment and what triggered the symptoms. They could be experiencing trauma.

Trauma can be triggered by a number of different life experiences from falling off a bike to living in a volatile environment. Sometimes it can be so subtle that it slips our awareness. Here’s an example:

I was traveling on the London underground and sat opposite me was a mother with her son of about 7 or 8 years old. I witnessed the following conversation:

Son – I was upset at school today mummy

Mother – oh, why’s that?

Son – the children laughed at me and I cried

Mother – which children?

Son – the children in my class

Mother – and you cried just because they laughed at you?

Son – it upset me

Mother (laughing) – what did you do for them to laugh?

Son – I told my teacher… [I was unable to hear what he said]

Mother (laughing) – maybe you were lying, that’s why they laughed

Son – I wasn’t lying, I was telling the truth

Mother (laughing) – I think you’re a liar (she prodded her son) you were lying that’s why the children laughed at you (more laughter)

Son – (went quiet and stared into space)

Mother – I’m right ya? (laughed) why else would they laugh at you, hey? 

What do you think of the mother’s response? How do you think it might impact the child? What will be the long-term consequences of this short interaction? 

Let’s explore the initial story – the child spoke up and told his teacher something he believed was true (the content is irrelevant); the children laughed; he was upset and cried. 

The shock of the laughter as he spoke up triggered a trauma response that resulted in the release of tears. Continued laughter by his classmates embedded his feelings of humiliation and ridicule. He turned to his mother; one person he trusted would support and protect him. Instead, he was further humiliated, disregarded and shamed. Note his final response – he went quiet and stared into space. 

This is the freeze response in the fight, flight or freeze trio. He went inward as a defence mechanism and shut out the world around him. How will this child trust his own feelings and beliefs in the future? How will he find the courage to speak up when he’s ridiculed and shamed, even by his own mother? 

Next time he’s in a situation where he needs to voice a need or feeling he’ll keep quiet for fear of being mocked; he’ll start to doubt his own emotions and thoughts, believing he is wrong. The seed of the all too familiar fear of not being good enough is firmly planted. In addition he’ll be trying to cope with the trauma triggered by the original incident – being laughed at in what he came to know as a safe and secure environment, his classroom.  

He now knows his mother won’t believe him and will even mock him, therefore he won’t talk about his feelings. He will doubt himself believing his mother was right, after all she is a grown up. The inner turmoil between what he feels to be true, what he believes and his fears of how others will react will start a chain of emotional and physical symptoms that will begin to surface over time: 

  • Anxiety, panic attacks, depression
  • Hyperactivity, restlessness, irritability
  • Mood swings, temper tantrums, nightmares
  • Easily distracted, forgetful, isolated 
  • Stressed, low energy, withdrawn
  • Avoidance behaviour, diminished curiosity

The above symptoms are only a few out of a long list. Dr Peter Levine and Maggie Kline explore in great depth the full impact of trauma in children in their book ‘Trauma Through A Child’s Eyes’. 

If left unresolved, new symptoms will surface and in a few years, and that little boy’s mother or parents will wonder why their son has become depressed, anxious or has developed challenging behaviours and the incident on the London underground will be long forgotten. 

Sometimes you need support from a qualified therapist. If you are ready to let go of the past and learn how to live in the moment, give me a call on 0121 745 9044 to book an appointment.

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Psychotherapy delves deep into the root causes of your symptoms.  Psychotherapy in Solihull, encompasses a multitude of approaches, each offering a wide range of tools that help different people.